Minerals and microelements
Nowadays almost everybody knows how important vitamins are in the human diet. However, much fewer of us are aware that vitamins can produce none of their beneficial effects without minerals. If minerals are not present, vitamins are unable to act and the human body cannot assimilate and absorb them. The importance of minerals is also indicated by the fact that while our body can produce some types of vitamins, it is unable to synthesize minerals. If, however, minerals are missing from our diet for any reason, serious disorders may occur in the normal operation of our organism. In such cases and during long-lasting, increased physical strain, laborious training or competitive sports, it is necessary to supply them in the form of dietary supplements. Even though there are only a small amount of minerals and microelements within the human body; these are integral to its normal functioning. Seabuckthorn contains 11 microelements, including:
- Calcium & Phosphorus – Calcium and phosphorus are jointly responsible for healthy bones and teeth, while calcium and magnesium together have an important role in normal heart activity and circulation. Calcium also contributes to the absorption of iron and helps the activities of the nervous system,especially the conduction of stimuli. Phosphorus supplies energy to the body, is integral to the formation of bones and teeth, regulates the calcium level within the blood, and facilitates the course of metabolic processes.
- Magnesium – Magnesium is essential for the proper functioning of the body in many ways: it is required for nerves, muscles, the immune system, cellular function, different enzymes require magnesium in order to metabolise energy. Magnesium also assists in the absorption of calcium, vitamin C and potassium./li>
- Iron – Important for the production of hemoglobin, the part of red blood cells that carries oxygen around your body, and a lack of iron can cause fatigue. It regulates metabolism and development processes within the body and also maintains the level of vitamin B12 within the blood.
- Iodine – Iodine is integral in the production of hormones of the thyroid, which is required for keeping up metabolism of the body. Iodine helps regulate the rate of energy production and body weight and promotes proper growth. It also promotes healthy hair, nails, skin and teeth.
- Zinc –Zinc controls and manages the metabolic processes of the body and the activities of enzyme systems. It is indispensible for protein synthesis and the optimal operation of the immune system. It has a favorable impact on the healing of wounds and stimulating the formation of insulin and the functioning of enzymes. Those deficient in zinc my experience weight loss, anorexia, an increased incidence of infections, diarrhea, immune dysfunction, delayed wound healing, oligospermia, mental lethargy, hypogonadism, growth retardation, skin changes, increased risk for abortion, neural tube defects of the fetus, and alopecia.
- Manganese –Manganese helps the development of strong bones, nerves and muscles. It is vital in controlling growth rates, ensuring the proper function of many enzyme reactions concerning blood sugar, metabolism, and thyroid hormone function. Manganese also enhances the ability of macrophages (white blood cells). Macrophages are one of the types of somatic cells released into the mammary gland to help protect it against bacterial infections. Manganese facilitates the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats and it is also a crucial element of the enzyme responsible for the utilization of iron.